Adolescents experiencing cancer: research-care interface and therapeutic follow-up. Master s Degree Dissertation, Postgraduation Program in Biotechnology Applied to Child, Adolescent Health, Pequeno Príncipe Colleges. Advisor: Prof., PhD, Ivete Palmira Sanson Zagonel Adolescence is a phase when changes are perceptible, meaningful and remarkable; however, when this phase is overlapped by disease, mobilizations add. Getting ill with a pathology named cancer carries along the stigma of severity and even the proximity to death, leading the adolescent not to apprehend so many changes in a single being. The present study objectified to: Unveil the meaning of experiencing cancer among adolescents by means of the research-care interface with the Therapeutic Follow-up; Identify adolescents coping responses facing cancer by applying the Multifactorial Coping Inventory for Adolescents (IMCA-43) with qualitative analysis. Research-care method was used. This method helps understand the phenomena experienced by adolescents facing cancer and how to cope with this condition, keeping in mind the expression of the subjective phenomenon, that is, that covered phenomenon, not unveiled yet. It entails the following steps: approaching the studied phenomenon; meeting the researched-cared being; setting research connections, care practice and theory, and detachment between researcher-caring being and researched-cared being. Fourteen (14) adolescents participated in this study who were undergoing chemotherapeutic treatment, ages between 10 and 20 incomplete years, seen to in the hemato-oncology outpatient clinic at Pequeno Príncipe Hospital, Curitiba, Paraná State, Brazil. Qualitative data were obtained by means of taped semi-structured interview and encounters of Therapeutic Follow-up. In order to measure adolescents coping ways facing cancer, the Multifactorial Coping Inventory for Adolescents (IMCA- 43) was used. Qualitative analysis of the accounts followed the steps of content analysis: Text fragmentation: deconstruction and unitarization; Relation setting: the categorization process; Apprehending the emerging new: expressing the accomplished understandings. For IMCA-43 analysis, statistics of average impact calculation was used. Research results disclosed that experiencing cancer in adolescence brings about numerous impossibilities, social isolation, difficulties in carrying on their studies, confronting adolescents with two important transitions: adaptation to adolescence phase and the simultaneity of living with cancer. Being an adolescent with cancer, as this study evidenced, poses physical, emotional and social consequences. Research-care interface with Therapeutic Follow-up worked as a support in order to enable adolescents connection with their surroundings, trying to make the inevitable disencounter with the outside world caused by the disease, a new encounter with the urban space, with their friends, making situations more flexible, and changing what was to be a hard period into a moment of experience exchange. IMCA-43 evidenced that the most used coping strategies by adolescents are related to Approach and Avoidance.
Adolescent; Cancer; Research-care; Therapeutic follow-up